Tanzania Attractions

ARUSHA NATIONAL PARK

Arusha National Park consists of Momela lakes, Meru crater and the Ngurdoto crater. On clear days magnificent views of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mont Meru can easily be seen.

The park is famous for its 400 species of birds, both migrant and resident, and the black and white colobus monkey. Other animals which can be found in the park are elephant, baboon, giraffe, hippo, leopard, hyena, buffalo, zebra, warthog, flamingos and a wide range of antelope species. Because of its close proximity to Arusha and its size, it is an ideal place for a day excursion.

The Black and White Colobus is the mascot of the park. With the exception of lions and rhinoceros, all kind of wildlife and hundreds of different species of sedentary or migratory birds. Best time in the year to visit is april/may.

SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK

Serengeti’s ecosystem comprises 10,395 square miles and includes many other parks and protected areas, such as Ngorongoro, Masai Mara, Loliondo, Masawa, Grumeti and Ikorongo. There are no fences or enclosures allowing the wild animals can move freely.
Serengeti National Park is the most famous national park in Africa. The park has a huge variety and an abundance of animals larger than any other park in Africa. With a couple of well-planned day, you will probably encounter representatives of almost all large and medium-sized animals in East Africa. Every day, exhibiting exceptional spectacle in exciting and unexpected encounters with wildlife.
Although much of the wildlife of the Serengeti are migratory, there are rich concentrations of animals throughout the year regardless of when you travel.
Serengeti includes a massive, pristine wilderness, and because of its size, the Serengeti retained a raw and wild feeling that many of the other parks in Africa lacks.
The park showcases plains of short grass, long grass savannahs, areas of rivers, open woodlands, thick buskvegetationer, wetlands, mountains and lakes. The south and east are the famous Serengeti Plain, where over two million animals collected during the rainy season.
The park’s central areas are renowned Serengeti lions and leopards till.i park is home to the famous Serengeti lion pride and resident leopards.
Unpredictability in such a large area filled with so many large carnivores and herbivores make a visit to this park for an unforgettable adventure.
Serengeti rests on a large plateau in the east has a height of about 2,000 meters above sea level and 1,000 meters in the west. The height means that the weather is generally pleasant and the temperature rarely exceeds 30 degrees Celsius. This is in sharp contrast to the many warm and moist areas in low-lying areas throughout Africa

remaining concentration of plains animals in the world.

LAKE MANYARA NATIONAL PARK

Lake Manyara with an area of about 390 km2 filled largely by a shallow alkaline lake that is home to hippos, impalas, elephants, wildebeests, buffalo, warthogs and giraffes. Giant fig trees and mahogany trees seen in connection with the life-giving lake that fills up with water continuously from the Crater Highlands directly above the Manyara.
Landscape of Lake Manyara National Park is a mosaic of different plants and habitats that are host to an incredible array of wildlife. This intricate patchwork of complex ecosystem include water supply from rivers, acacia woods, the grassy floodplains and of course the lake itself.
It is commonly said that Lake Manyara is one of the best parks in Africa for birdwatchers. With over 300 species, including migratory birds, even the most seasoned bird enthusiast will not be disappointed.
Rift Valley escarpment forms a noteworthy landmark and provides a spectacular backdrop to Lake Manyara.
Great Rift Valley itself is a huge crack in the earth’s surface that shares the landscape along ensträcka on approximately 6,500 mil all the way from the Red Sea to the Zambezi River, it is one of the world’s few geological formations that can be seen from the moon. It is here, where cliffs towering some 700 meters above Lake Manyara, it is an amazing sight. Nestled at the base of the Great Rift Valley, the lake seems to look like a shimmering mirage in the distance. The mirror surface form shimmers with varied hues after the sky above – from dawn a shade of pink and then in sparkling blue.
The wooded slopes spread out like felt on the precipices and eventually opens up to the vast flood plains that surround the lake and blends into the endless plains beyond the lake which then disappears into the misty distance.
Manyara can lay claim to the largest concentration of elephants in East Africa, which makes it one of the best places to see elephants in the world.
The park is also famous for its tree climbing lions and the stösrat population of baboons who has ever been documented.
Overall, the Lake Manyara National Park is an exquisite gem. Small but beautiful, this park is a scenic retreat for the eyes and soul.

TARANGIRE NATIONAL PARK

The park covers approximately 2,600 square kilometers. It is named after the Tarangire River that flows through the park. The park is most spectacular during the dry season that arises from January to March and July to October when the area attracts large quantities of animals since the Tarangire River that runs through the park, is the only permanent water source in the area. Since migrating animals during rainy seasons.
The park has large quantities of elephants, kudu, baboons, zebras, waterbuck, giraffes, lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, buffalos and a wide variety of antelopes and warthogs and wildebeests.
It also has a high incidence of the baobab tree. A tree can have an enormous circumference and has a tremendous ability to absorb water.
The park has over 550 bird species and is a mecca for fågelälskare.Liksom most of the national parks in the northern circuit, a variety of wildlife can be seen extending from the black rhino to Gerenuk and impalas. Tarangire National Park is probably one of the least visited of the northern Tanzanian game parks, and retains a real air of undiscovered Africa, particularly in the southern part of the park. It lies a little distance to the south-east Lake Manyara and covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers.
It is named after the Tarangire River that flows through the park. The first migrating animals start arriving in the park in early June, and will remain in the park until November – just before the start of the short rainy season – when the migration heads north again. This annual wildlife migration, Tarangire offers fantastic safari game viewing in the dry season. Do not worry if you can coincide your trip with the annual migration period – many animals including African elephants, lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, buffaloes, giraffes, zebras, a wide variety of antelopes and warthogs – stay in the park all year round . The park offers many animals seen during the rainy season – you will however need to settle with lush vegetation, rainfall and the abundant insect population. March to June is drier months of June to October the prime time to visit.
During the dry season the river attracts large numbers of animals to be collected because the river is the only permanent water source in the area to be spread out during the rainy season.

NGORONGORO CRATER
Ngorongoro Crater is a world heritage site, the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera and is called the 8th wonder of the world. The 2,000-meter high walls and about 15 km wide crater create a natural amphitheater for the densest populations of large animals that can be found.
It is a microcosm of the larger Serengeti National Park and on one day it is possible to see a dizzying array of East African wildlife including the large predators. The crater lives up to its reputation with a plentiful and accessible wildlife and offers opportunities to see lion, hyena and cheetah in action. The crater is really impressive and will surely be one of the highlights of your safari. The rim of the crater varies in height from more than 2000 m at the bottom to about 1700 meters. Ngorongoro crater rich soils and water supply all year provides an ideal habitat for a variety of animals. The crater is not a fully self-contained ecosystem as some animals wandering in and from the midst of the crater but it does not occur to any significant extent. Most of the animals in the crater of residence and remain there year round. There are approximately 20,000 large mammals within the crater walls.
Herbivores that you are likely to encounter include elephant, black rhino, hippo, buffalo, eland, zebra, wildebeest, hartebeest, waterbuck, warthog, Grant’s gazelle and Thomson’s gazelle.
The herbivores that you are likely to encounter include elephant, black rhino, hippo, buffalo, eland, zebra, wildebeest, hartebeest, waterbuck, warthog, Grant’s gazelle and Thomson’s gazelle. Giraffe, Impala and Topi is there but not on the crater floor, although they are common in the nearby Serengeti.
Predators that you are likely to encounter include lion, cheetah, hyena and jackal. Leopards, bats and foxes are also residents of the crater, but in smaller populations.
Elephants in Ngorongoro Crater is very impressive and will be the largest you will see during your safari program. All elephants are mainly old bulls with giant tusks. These elephants survived the great ivory hunt until it was banned in the 1980s. They found a relative safety in the crater. There are no breeding populations in the crater and no females in Ngorongoro. The best place to see these massive elephants is early morning in Lerai Forest.
Black Rhinos are highly endangered and almost extinct. Ngorongoro Crater is one of the last places in Tanzania where you can still reliably see wild black rhinos.
Ngorongoro Crater is one of the best places in all of Africa to see the large predators and it is an amazing natural sanctuary for a variety of animals that should not be missed. The park is among the very best Africa has to offer and is great to visit any time of year.

LAKE EYASI
Lake Eyasi, just over an hour’s drive southwest of Karatu and Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Lake Eyasi is a mildly alkaline lake about 50 km long.
For about 100 years ago when the warlike Masai tribes invaded Ngorongoro and Serengeti, driven Datogastammarna and other native bush people south. Many of these groups made themselves at home at Lake Eyasi. Along the shore of the lake is Acacia forest that is home to a large variety of wildlife including leopards and lions.
There are several good camping sites located in forest clearings by the lake. Lake Eyasi is a great place for bird watchers. Lake Eyasi is well known for its Hadzabe bushmen and it can sometimes be possible that you can follow them on a traditional hunt. Hadzabe is considered one of the last of the real hunters and gatherers. They use language to communicate at the click of the tongue. They live on by gathering berries and roots and hunt small game. Seeing them gives a fascinating insight into our förfädesr struggle for survival.
Lake Eyasi `s main water source is Sibiti River, which flows into the south end of the lake. Although the river supplies the lake with water all year round, it can even during dry seasons almost completely disappear. Because other tributaries entirely absent during the drought. The lake is also a seasonal stop for large amounts of migrant flamingos.

LAKE NATRON
Size: 260 km ² (172 sq miles). Location: Northern Tanzania, 300 km (190 miles) northwest of Arusha. Lake Natron is a lake with high salinity located in northern Tanzania, near the Kenyan border. The lake is rather shallow, less than three meters and varies in width depending on its water level.
Lake Natron is a fascinating, almost surreal place. Because of the salt-loving microorganisms that live in the alkaline lake’s surface, the lake is often red or pink. The lake is the only breeding site for 2.5 million flamingos, as the corrosive environment is a barrier and protection from predators. When the water evaporates in the dry season increases the salinity increases to the point that salt-loving microoranismer start thriving.
These salt-loving organisms include some cyanobacteria – tiny bacteria that grow in the water. The red pigment in cyanobacteria produce the deep red and orange colors. As salinity increases, so does the number of cyanobacteria in the lake.

MKOMANZI GAME RESERVE
  Mkomazi Park is a park perfect for camping and hiking.
Best time to visit is in Mkomazi June to early September is best for large mammal and bird watching.

MIKUMI NATIONALPARK

Mikumi is located north of the Selous Reserve, which covers about 3200sq km, and about 300km from Dar es Salaam, the busiest city in Tanzania. Because of its availability, it is one of the most popular parks in Tanzania and is a major center of education for pupils who are studying ecology.
Flood plains of Mikumi with its open grasslands, dominate the park along with mountain ranges bordering the park on two sides. Lion and the rare African wild dog is often seen here. Elephant Stocks are here and other animals that are observed are buffalo, civet, eland, giraffe, impala, kudu, reedbuck, warthog, waterbuck, wildebeest, zebra and Lichtenstein’s hartebeest.
Crocodiles, lizards and Python are other residents of the park. In the southern part of the flood plain in Kikoboga area, there are families of yellow baboon. Here you can also see hippos wallowing in the river.
Over 400 bird species have been observed in the park, many of which are Eurasian migrants who stay between October and April.

SELOUS NATIONAL PARK

With an area of approximately 64,500 square kilometers, the Selous Game Reserve, the largest protected area for wildlife in Africa. Selous is the largest amount of elephants and a large number of buffaloes, hippos, rhinos and wild dogs. Other species commonly seen are lion, bushbuck, red and blue duikers, hartebeest, hyena, Klipspringer, oryx, reedbuck, waterbuck, impala, giraffe, eland, baboon, zebra and kudu.
Yellow baboon, vervet and blåapor is always a common sight along with the families of black and white colobus as can be seen jumping from tree to tree. The endangered red colobus are living only the western part of the reserve, but the visit to try to see this unusual race can be arranged.
The topography of the park varies from rolling savannah forest, grassland plains and rocky outcrops cut by the Rufiji River and its tributaries, the Kilombero and Luwegu, which together cover the largest catchment area in East Africa.
Rufiji River, which flows from north to south, providing the lifeblood of the Selous and rafting down the river is a great way to see nature with a variety of animals, especially during the dry season between June and October. Crocodiles, hippos and a variety of grazing antelope can be seen. Linked to the Rufiji is Lake Tagalala where waterbuck, reedbuck and bushbuck gather at the water’s edge. In the slightly longer distance, safari enthusiasts get a chance to see the rare sable antelope, kudu – or lions.
The best time to visit the park is during the dry season, when the animals are forced from their hiding places to the river to drink.
To travel to the park takes between seven and nine hours by car, but only in the dry season, or one and a half hour flight from Dar es Salaam.

RUAHA NATIONAL PARK

One of Tanzania’s best kept wildlife found in Ruaha National Park. Because the park has long been regarded as the inaccessibility has ensured that the park has remained virtually unchanged for centuries, untouched by humanity’s depredations. The park covers some 10,300 square kilometers is the second largest park and the largest sanctuary for elephants.
Its name derives from the great Ruaha River which flows along its eastern border, creating spectacular gorges and runs late into the Rufiji River.
Ruaha river houses the home of the hippo and crocodile. Waterbuck, reedbuck and buffalo gets down to the river’s edge to drink, where they påpassa of lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena and wild dog. Various antelope species such as eland, greater and lesser kudu, impala, sable and roan antelope, Grant’s gazelle and the tiny dik-dik thrive in grasslands bordering the river along giraffe, zebra, warthog, wildcat, mongoose, porcupine and civet. Bird life is rich, over 370 species have been recorded, some of which are in northern Tanzania.
Migratory birds from Eurasia flock to Ruaha twice a year – March to April with oct-November
Best months to visit here is during the dry season from May to December, when the animals are concentrated around shrinking water.
The park has an airstrip for light aircraft on the west bank of the river. Getting to the park is through 8-10 ten hour drive, or one and a half hour flight from Dar-es-Salaam. 

UDZUNGWA MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
Udzungwa Mountains National Park is a protected area of approximately 2,000 square kilometers. It is located in Iringa and Morogoro regions of south-central Tanzania, where it is bordered by the Great Ruaha River in the north and Mikumu-Ifakara east.
The major attraction of the park is its biodiversity and unique rain forest where many rare plants that are found nowhere else in the world, have been identified. These range from a small African violets to 30 feet tall trees. Besides being home to about six types of primates, there are large populations of elephant, buffalo, lion and leopard.
Visitors should not expect to see these larger species because they tend to be in the less accessible areas of the park.
Getting to the park is an approximately five-hour drive from Dar es Salaam

GOMBE NATIONAL PARK

Gombe National Park in the North West is the smallest park in Tanzania, covering about 52 square kilometers, but it gives visitors the rare opportunity to observe chimpanzees. A number of other species of monkeys can be seen, red Colubus, red-tail and blue monkeys.
The area is made up mostly of heavy forest, making it an unsuitable habitat for carnivores, so the park is safe for walking safaris. The excellent opportunities for bird watchers.

MAHALE NATIONAL PARK

Mahale Mountains National Park is reached by boat from Kigoma. The park has an area of 1,577 square kilometers. The western boundary is the shore of Lake Tanganyika.
The population of chimpanzees in the park is estimated at around 1000 and can be seen in groups of between 5 and 30 at a time, in their natural environment. Other primates like baboons and colobus monkeys.
Elephant, buffalo, bushpig, porcupine and other animals found in the north, while in the southern part of the park there are various species of antelope species, lions and giraffes.

KATAVI NATIONAL PARK

The park is located about 40 km southeast of the town of Mpanda, blah consists of two large sea-nymph, Katavi and Lake Chada.
The park consists of large herds of buffalo, elephant, crocodile and hippo and many bird species.
One of the least visited parks in Tanzania

Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, and several islands. It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 25 miles from the Tanzanian coast, and 6 south of the equator.
Zanzibar known locally as Unguja, is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, occupying a total area of approximately 650 square miles. It is characterized by beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs corals, and the magic of historic Stone Town – said to be the only functioning ancient town in East Africa. Zanzibar local people are an incredible mixture of ethnic backgrounds, indicative of her colorful history. Islam is the dominant religion, and practiced by most Zanzibaris, although there are also followers of Christianity and Hinduism.
Population is estimated at 800,000, with the largest concentration was Zanzibar City which has approximately 100,000 inhabitants. Zanzibaris Speak Swahili (known locally as Kiswahili), a language spoken widely in East Africa. Many believe that the purest form is spoken in Zanzibar as it is the birthplace of the language.