Kilimanjaro Climb Programs

KILIMANJARO CLIMBING

“Which route should i climb kilimanjaro?”

BV Wildlife strive to offer some of the best trained and motivated climbing guides. We are sure to offer high quality of food to strengthen climbers and also to use the best in equipment obtainable to give the best chance to reach the top .

Every year between 20 000 to 35 000 people is attempting to reach Kilimanjaro ‘s peak. Most people underestimate the effort to complete the task . Reaching the top is for most people the biggest challenge they have ever tried. But with the right preparation, strong will and self- motivation, almost everyone can manage to reach the summit , Uhuru Peak.

It is important that climbers understand that there are certain unavoidable risks involved when climbing the mountain that everyone should be aware of . One such risk is the occurrence of acute mountain sickness (AMS ), which can become serious if not identified and treated in the earliest stages – a process that largely requires climber’s own attention .

Early symptoms start to occur over 2500 meters and include loss of appetite, loss of appetite and headache. Physical fitness has nothing to do with altitude sickness. Through planned , gradual ascent over several days , most people can however handle stays at far higher altitudes. Our programs therefore contains more day set aside exclusively for acclimatization and thereby increase the potential of success reaching the top. Statistics from the Kilimanjaro National Park shows the following:

Including all the routes and in the case you set aside 5 day climbing 27% reach the top . Program that runs for 6 days 44% pass. 7 days 64% and program over 8 days the successrate is 85 %.

Below in the text is how you best can prepare yourself before departure, what is needed in utrustningsväg and how to select the date for the attempt.

Kilimanjaro is a volcano located at an intersection of three tectonic plates . The mountain can be termed as one of the world’s greatest natural wonders . A snow-covered peak at the equator , a sea of green rainforest surrounded by dry savanna . To climb Kilimanjaro is like like walking from the equator to the North Pole in one week. You are daily offered dramatic changes of vegetation and wildlife . The high altitude has created home to rare and unique life forms that exist only in a few places on earth as elephant flower and a little peculiar Kilimanjaro tree .

Climbing routes on Mount Kilimanjaro
There are six established routes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.Marangu Route

This route has a moderate slope, making it less difficult to climb. It is the most popular way up Mountain Kilimanjaro, and is the only route with emergency evacuation service. Also, it is the only route with huts, having dormitory and simple dining rooms.

Day 1: Marangu Gate -     Mandara Hut     2 750 m

Day 2: Mandara Hut -      Horombo Hut   3 700 m

Day 3: Horombo Hut

Day 4: Horombo Hut -     Kibo Hut            4 700 m

Day 5: Kibo Hut - Uhuru Peak - Kibo Hut 4700 m

Day 6: Kibo Hut – Marangu Gate

Day 1: Marangu Gate  to Mandara Hut (2750 m)12 km to about 2-3 hours walking this day. Check in at your hotel in Arusha or Moshi and transfer to Marangu gate, where we spend about two hours for registration, payment of fees. We start at an altitude of about 1700 meters above sea level and begin our trek through dense tropical rainforest vegetation to the first stopover site Mandara hut at about 2,750 meters above sea level. Along the way we are able to see  colubusapor a lot of birds and eucalyptus trees. We can pass Maundikratern offering beautiful views of both Tanzania and Kenya.

Day 2: Mandara Hut to Horombo Hut (3700 m) Today’s trek of 15 km takes about 4-5 hours. After breakfast we walk through alpine meadows and pastures and moorlands to Horombo hut at about 3700 meters above sea level. We get a grand view of the mountains from both Mawenzi and Kibo on the road. We will also see the huge plant Giant Lobella along the way. We spend the night at Horombo hut.

Day 3: Acclimatization at Horombo Hut
Breakfast. A day for rest and acclimatization at Horombo Hut. Soft trekking around Horombo. Opportunity to go to the Zebra Rock or East Lava Hill. Overnight at Horombo Hut.

Day 4: Horombo Hut to Kibo Hut (4700 m) About 15 km of hiking for 6 hours. Breakfast and then continued hiking along the ridge connecting Mawenzi and Kibo peaks along a rocky eroded moonscape to Kibo hut at 4700 meters above sea level. We can see spectacular mountain vegetation like giant cactus and lobelia on the way up.  Overnight at Kibo Hut

Day 5: Kibo Hut to Uhuru Peak (5895 m)to Kibo Hut. We wake up at midnight, and after a small meal we start the steep peak ascent through snowy and frozen ground. We get to Gilman’s Point at the crater rim at 5,861 m. Hit it takes about 4-6 hours. Then we continue towards Uhuru Peak, Africa’s highest point at 5,895 meters above sea level. The final stretch takes about 1-2 hours. Here we can stay a while to see the breathtaking view, photograph and enjoy the feeling of having reached the top! We then begin the descent and to Kibo Hut for dinner and overnight stay where we are for a well deserved dinner very proud, tired and happy to go to bed.
Today’s trek involves about 6 km uphill and 6 km downhill at about 10-12 hours

Day 6: Kibo Hut to Marangu Gate
After breakfast awaits a leisurely hike Farn Kibo hut by Horombo down to Marangu gate where shuttles waiting to take you on to new and exciting experiences.

Machame Route

This is one of the most popular routes, 26 km long, and it is considered the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro. With a gradual ascend through the forest you emerge to see wide views of the moorland on Shira plateau, Kibo and Western Breach. The different kinds of vegetation found along the route make it the most sceneric route. We are approaching the summit with an acclimatisation day by walking in the same heights (Barafu Camp to Karranga Valley Camp), and another day by stopping at Karranga Valley camp (we are one of few tour operators offering this). There are no mountain huts on this route; the accommodation is in mountain tents.

The route done in six days is physically challenging for most people. The last two days (the trek from Barranco to Barafu and then the overnight trek to the summit) require mental and physical toughness, due to the high altitude and short amount of time to rest before the overnight summit attempt.

Day 1;  Machame Gate - Machame Camp   3000 m

Day 2:  Machame Camp - Shira Camp 2          3840 m

Day 3:  Shira Camp 2 -  Burranco Camp   3950 m

Day 4:  Burranco Camp -  Barafu Camp       4630 m

Day 5:  Barafu Camp -  Mweka Camp      3100 m

Day 6:  Mweka Camp – Mweka Gate

Day 1: ArushaMachame GateMachame Camp After breakfast we’ll transfer you to the Machame Park Gate 1,790 m. After registering with the park authority, we’ll begin our climb through the lush forest, Trekkers will likely hear the many exotic birds in the canopy above, and many even see black & white colobus monkeys and sykes monkeys as they hike along the knotted roots We’ll continue on to some heath land before reaching our overnight camp at Machame Camp 5-7 hours of walking, just above the forest zone. The trek is quite long, thus not steep. Overnight at Machame Camp.

Day 2: Machame Camp to Shira Camp Today’s segment of the ascent will continue across beautiful heath land and afro-alpine moorland with magnificent views of Kilimanjaro Peak. We begin up the steep track through a savannah of tall grasses, and trees of Giant Heather and Erica.   Scramble around large boulders as you enter the moorland zone, marked by lobelia and senecia plants, and volcanic rocks draped with lichen beards, which protect wild alpine flowers growing at their bases. We’ll overnight at Shira Camp 4-5 hours of walking  and overnight at Shira Camp.

Day 3: Shira Camp to Barranco Camp We’ll draw nearer the peak as we get closer to the Lava Tower. The trek becomes a bit more strenuous as the trail steepens on the approach to the lava Tower, a 300 foot tall volcanic plug which marks an exposed pass. In the afternoon, descend the steep track into the Great Barranco Valley. Barranco Camp is set on a col (flat area) enclosed on three sides with steep valley walls and the Kibo massif itself. Hanging glaciers glint in the sunshine above, amidst the eerie landscape of plants such as the giant groundsels (Senecio Kilimanjari), and the uniquely endemic Giant Lobelia. Then we slowly ascent to our overnight stop at Barranco Camp  5-6 hours of walking.  Overnight at Barranco Camp,From just below freezing at midnight, to between 12 deg C.

Day 4: Barranco Camp to Barafu Camp The day will begin with a descent into the Gorge, before we climb its eastern wall where we will enjoy views of Kilimanjaro’s ice fields, an equatorial anomaly. We will continue trekking following the lava ridge to the Barafu camp

Day 5Barafu Camp (4630 m) to Uhuru Peak (5895 m) to Mweka Camp (3100 m). 6-7 hours of hiking up and 3-4 hours of walking on the descent. Just after midnight we start of a challenging trek(12-17 hours of trekking). You begin trekking at 12:00 to 1am, passing between the Rebmann and Tarzel glaciers to the rim at Stella Point. The temperatures range -23 deg. C, just before dawn at the summit.   As dawn nears, we’ll summit at Uhuru Peak, the highest point in Africa at 5895 m. Uhuru will be the culmination  and the reward for – 6-7 hours of strenuous hiking. We’ll then descend back to Barafu Camp, resting for a while before continuing our descent to Mweka Camp  3-4 hours of walking on the descent.   Overnight at Mweka Camp

Day 6Mweka Camp to Park GateArusha We’ll make our final descent to the park gate, a walk of about 2 to 3 hours. After bidding our farewells to our guide and porters, we’ll take you to  Arusha or Moshi.

Lemosho Route

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro via Lemosho Route: The route is one of less used which makes it to have its originality, unspoilt and beautiful way up to the Shira Plateau while climbing Mount Kilimanjaro roof top. It can either be used to gain the Western Breach route or followed by the Kibo South Circuit to ascend by the easier Barafu Route. The route is one of the few where groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger, as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other big game animals. Lemosho route is the longest and most remote route to Kilimanjaro. After beautiful forests and moorlands it crosses the Shira Plateau to meet up with the Machame Route. The South Circuit is then followed, offering superb views of the Southern Ice fields, past the Barranco Hut then on to Barafu and hence the summit. Descent is by the Mweka Route. Accommodation on the mountain is in tents which the porters will pitch for you. You will need a sleeping bag, warm clothes and walking poles. This is a steep, tough trek within the limits of a fit individual used to walking in mountain areas.

Day 1 Your day starts early with a briefing, followed by breakfast and a 2-hour drive from Moshi (910 m) to Londorossi Park Gate (2100 m). The guides and porters prepare and pack the supplies and your equipment in the village. You will receive a lunch pack and you can From here a forest track requiring a 4WD vehicle leads to Lemosho Glades (2100 m, 11 km, 45 minutes). You will have a lunch break a about half way and then walk along forest trails to Mti Mkubwa (big tree campsite, 2750 m, 3 hours) Your porters (arriving at the camp site long before you) will have your tent set upon on your arrival. In the evening the porters will boil drinking and washing water and the cook will prepare dinner, before you retire to your tent for the night. Night temperatures can already drop to freezing point at this campsite.

Day 2 You rise early at Mti Mkubwa camp and, after breakfast, you climb an hour or so to the top of the forest and then the trail gradually steepens and enters the giant heather moorland zone. Several streams are crossed. A gentle walk across the plateau leads to Shira 2-camp on moorland meadows next to a stream (3840 m). By now you will be able to see, in an easterly direction, the Western Breach with its stunning glaciers. The night at this exposed camp will even be colder than the previous night, with temperatures dropping to well below freezing. Enjoy dinner and overnight.

Day 3 The route now turns east into a semi desert and rocky landscape surrounding Lava Tower where you reach an altitude of 4600 m after about a 5 hours walk. Lunch is served in a designated are before ascending the rocky scree path to Lava Tower (4600 m). Definitely the toughest day so far. It is normally around this point, where for the first time, some climbers will start to feel symptoms of breathlessness, irritability and headaches. After lunch you descent again by almost 650m to the Barranco camping area and after reaching the high altitude of 4600 m at Lava Tower, the true acclimatization benefit of this day becomes clear. This descent to Barranco camp takes about 2 hours and offers great opportunities to take some beautiful photographs of the Western Breach and Breach Wall. The camp is situated in a valley below the Breach and Great Barranco Wall, which should provide you with a memorable sunsetwhite you wait for your dinner.

Day 4 Make sure that you familiarize yourself with the terrain before dark to avoid any accidents. The summit is now a further 1345 m up and you will make the final ascent the same night. Prepare your equipment, ski stick and thermal clothing for your summit attempt. This should include the replacement of your headlamp and camera batteries and make sure you have a spare set available as well. To prevent freezing it will be wise to carry your water in a thermal flask. Go to bed at round about 1900hrs and try to get some precious rest and sleep. Overnight at Barafu camp.

Day 5 You will rise around 2330, and after some tea you shuffle off into the night. You will head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This 6-hour walks to Stella point is for many climbers, mentally and physically the most challenging on the route. At Stella Point (5685 m) you will stop for a short rest and then proceed to summit. The time you will spend on the summit will depend on the weather conditions. Do not stop here for too long, as it will be extremely difficult to start again due to cold and fatigue. Enjoy your accomplishment and a day to remember for the rest of your life. The walk back to Barafu from the summit, takes about 3 hours. Here you will have a well earned but short rest and collect the rest of your gear, before heading down to Mweka hut (3100 m). Overnight at Mweka Camp.

Day 6 After an early breakfast, it is a short 3-hour and scenic hike back to the Park gate. It is strongly recommended not to pay your porters any tips until you and all your gear have reached the gate safely. From the Mweka Gate you will continue down into the Mweka village, normally a muddy 3 km (1 hour) hike. In the Mweka village you will and drive back to Moshi for a long overdue hot shower, dinner and celebrations! Overnight in Moshi Or Arusha.

Shira Route

The Shira Route is a relatively gentle and incredibly scenic route to the Roof top of Africa (“Uhuru Peak” Uhuru a Swahili word which mean Liberation). Encompassing the Shira Plateau, this route provides breathtaking views of the African landscape below. Finally, the Western Breach Summit path is a more difficult route to the summit which incorporates some serious scrambling and climbing. It is thus generally favored by those individuals looking to add a bit of an extra challenge to their climbing experience.

Day 1: Arrival day from your country and meet at the Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) then be transferred to the hotel in Moshi town. Late dinner and overnight at the hotel.

Day 2: Early in the morning after breakfast you will be briefed about the Mount Kilimanjaro with the guide before the departure to the Londorossi gate about three and half hours. After all park registration formalities we proceed driving to near Simba campsite. Then lunch afterwards you start trekking through heather and moorland to the first camp (about 1-2 hrs) to Shira 1 camp (3505 m) for dinner and overnight in tents.

Day 3: Early in the morning after breakfast you have a full day to explore the Shira plateau, trekking slowly eastward towards Kibo’s glaciered peak. The Shira plateau is one of the highest plateaus on earth, averaging 12,500 ft. The total trekking time is approximately three hours. Dinner and overnight at the Shira 2 (Fischer’s) camp (3900 m).

 Day 4: The pace should always be slow when in Kilimanjaro for the success. After breakfast in the morning proceed steadily upwards over vast ridges to ” Lava Tower ” for lunch take approximately 4 hours. In the afternoon, you descend the steep trail into the Great Barranco Valley. Barranco Camp is set in a valley enclosed on 3 sides with the massive walls of the valley itself and the massif of Kibo. For about 6 to 7 hours thereafter dinner and overnight at the Barraco camp (3976 m).

Day 5: Early morning breakfast then afterward start trekking for about 3 to 4 hours to Karanga Valley for a hot lunch and then proceed in the afternoon to Barafu Camp (4673 m). You will have dinner and a sleep before working up at the midnight for the Uhuru Peak attempt.

Day 6:During the midnight walking up call for the Uhuru Peak followed with a cup of hot chocolate, Tanzania coffee or tea. Don’t be nervous and taking it slowly as the trekking will start around 1 a.m. At this stage the weather range from somewhat 0 to -12 degree isn’t it lovely in the tropical climate to find this. Always the target is to reach the Roof top of Africa (5895 m) before dawn. After taking some pictures you will descend to Barafu Camp for a rest and then en route to Millenium camp for dinner and overnight.

Day 7: After breakfast descends slowly to Mweka gate via Mweka Campsite which is about four hours walk. At the gate you will be awarded a certificate of competence from the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority office for the successful attempt of Uhuru Peak. Then proceed to Moshi or Arusha.

Rongai Route

The Rongai Route approaches Kilimanjaro from the north not far from the Kenyan border. The area retains a sense of untouched wilderness lost on the crowded Marangu and Machame trails.

This route is the easiest of all the routes, it has a relatively gentle gradient and short daily stages as it winds its way from the starting point just south of the Kenya-Tanzania border through attractive farmland and delightful forest to several other climate zones, adding considerably to the interest of the trek.

There are magnificent views over the Amboseli Plains and genuine possibilities for wildlife viewing. An extra day is added to the standard 5-day itinerary to hike to the beautiful Mawenzi Tarn beneath the towering spires of Mawenzi; this also ensures maximum acclimatisation for the climb to the summit.

The final ascent is arduous and made in darkness starting around midnight but the reward is a spectacular dawn view of the glaciers and ice cliffs of the summit, and across the East African plains far below. Descending through lush forest, there is a final day to relax and recover before the flight home.

It is much drier than the other routes and you might even encounter an elephant on the way. Accommodation in tents.

This itinerary starts and ends in Arusha or Moshi

Day 1:  Arusha

Day 2:  Kikalewa Moorland

Day 3:  Mawenzi Tam hut

Day 4:  Outward Bound Hut

Day 5;  Uhuru peak

Day 6: Departure

Day 1: Hike up through the Rongai Forest approx 2625m In the morning we pick you from your hotel in Arusha, Moshi or Machame and drive to the town of Nalemoru on the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro and the trailhead five miles outside of town.  From the Park entrance you start the climb passing through pine forest and a short stretch of mountainous rainforest until we reach the heather and moorlands. It is about a 4-5 hour walk to Sekimba camp at approx 2625m but we advise people to go very slowly. The forest teems with bird life and colobus and other monkeys may be seen. We should arrive late afternoon so the rest of the day will be used to relax and recheck your equipmentOvernight at a campsite. Lunch and dinner included.

Day 2: First camp to Kikelewa Moorland (3630m) Continue through the forest (on this side is no such forest belt), eventually encountering the moorlands just below a large lava overhang known as Second Cave . Here we have lunch, then traverse the open moorlands toward the spectacular peak of Mawenzi, Kilimanjaro’s second major peak rising. Our second camp is at Kikelewa, (relative) shortly before reaching the saddle that connects Mawenzi to Kibo and Uhuru peaks. (5-6 hours hiking.) Overnight at a campsite.

Day 3: Mawenzi Tarn Hut Rising early you climb steadily to craggy jugged peaks of Mawenzi.(one of the volcanic peaks) camp beneath Mawenzi at approx 4,300m.  Some climbers take an alternative route away from Mawenzi and camp on the north side of the saddle (Mawenzi Tarn Hut is in the north). Overnight at a campsite.

Day 4: Outward Bound Hut (School Hut or preferably Kibo Hut) Trek to the Outward Bound Hut (School Hut or preferably Kibo Hut) at 4,715m between the peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi. Mountain vistas are fabulous as we emerge onto the saddle between glacier-covered Kibo and rock-crowned Mawenzi (these mountain views alone are worth the effort of the trek!). We’ll arrive by lunchtime, and have the afternoon to organize and rest up for the summit attempt. We’ll turn in early (since we’ll be arising before midnight). Overnight at a campsite.

Day 5: Kibo camp to Gilman’s point to Uhuru Peak – Horombo Hut This is the hardest day of the climb and an early start before midnight or one, where it is dark cold and where you use your head torch for the first few hours. You will pass (rest and have coffee at) Hans Meyers cave after about 3hours climbing. Depending on weather conditions the temperature can be as low as -25 c.

At dawn you should reach Gilman’s point and usually see a spectacular sunrise as you stand above the clouds. From here if you have enough energy left a further 1 and a half hours walk before you are standing on the highest part of the African continent- Uhuru Peak. A quick photo session and then you descend down to Kibo and then on to Horombo at 3700m – now a well earned dinner (beer!! – no permanent kiosk or provided)  and good sleep.  (11-12 hours hiking.). Overnight at a campsite or Horombo Hut.

Day 6: Horombo –to Park Gate – end or extension Descending across the moorland and into the forest to Mandara hut, where a meal is served, a walk of about 3 or 4 hours and the last stretch of 2 hours trough the rain forest to Marangu Gate. After bidding our farewells to our guide and porters, we’ll take you to  Arusha or Moshi.

Umbwe Route

Day 1:    Kilimanjaro Umbwe cave

Day 2;    Kilimanjaro  Burranco camp  3,950 m

Day 3;     Kilimanjaro  Karanga valley camp  4000 m

Day 4;     Kilimanjaro  Barafu camp 4630m

Day 5       Kilimanjaro Mweka camp 3100 m

Day 6:     Departure

Day 1: Umbwe Gate to Umbwe Cave At 7:30 a.m., we’ll transfer you to the Umbwe Park Gate at 2,100m. The path begins an a narrow ridge crest between the Lonzo River to the West and the Umbwe River to the East. It is easy to follow as it continues up through the dense forest. The path continues to follow the ridge, rising steadily with some steep sections and scramble rocks. The route takes you to the first tented camp Umbwe Cave (at 2,940m) in 5 to 6 hrs.  Overnight at Umbwe Cave

Day 2: Umbwe Cave to Barranco We follow the trail through steep and scramble rock across rainforest to moorland. The path proceed steep to the Southern Glacier Branches, at 4000m we reach our campsite, Barranco.  Overnight at Barranco

Day 3: Barranco Camp to Karanga Valley Camp The day will begin with a descent into the Gorge, before we climb its eastern wall where we will enjoy views of Kilimanjaro’s ice fields, an equatorial anomaly. We will continue trekking until we reach our camp in Karanga Valley (13,900 feet, 4-5 hours of walking).  Overnight at Karanga Valley Camp

Day 4: Karanga Valley Camp to Barafu Camp We’ll trek up through the Karanga Valley, the trail turns steadily uphill, following the lava ridge to the Barafu camp. The temperature will grow colder and the landscape more sparse as we near Barafu Camp. Barafu Camp is set on a small, exposed flat area on a ridge, acting as a base camp from which you will make your summit attempt at midnight tonight. Barafu camp (15,200 feet, 6-7 hours of walking). Overnight at Barafu Camp

Day 5: Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Camp Just after midnight we start of a challenging trek(12-17 hours of trekking). You begin trekking at 12:30 to 1am, passing between the Rebmann and Tarzel glaciers to the rim at Stella Point. The temperatures range from just below freezing at midnight, to between 10 deg. F (-12 deg. C) to –10 F. (-23 deg. C) just before dawn at the As dawn nears, we’ll summit at Uhuru Peak, the highest point in Africa at 19,340 feet. Uhuru will be the culmination of – and the reward for – 6-7 hours of strenuous hiking. We’ll then descend back to Barafu Camp, resting for a while before continuing our descent to Mweka Camp (9,840 feet, 3-4 hours of walking on the descent). Overnight at Mweka Camp summit.

Day 6: Mweka Hut to Mweka Gate- Arusha After breakfast descend steeply through the forest on a narrow path, after 3 – 4 hours walking we will reach Mweka Gate at 1400m. From here we will bring you to Moshi or Arusha

The Marangu, Machame, and Umbwe routes all approach from the south of the mountain (Mweka is used only for descent ).

The Lemosho and Shira routes approach from the west.

The Rongai route approaches from the north.

Selecting a route is a tough choice for most. Considerations should be taken for the route’s scenery, difficulty, traffic and its altitude acclimatization characteristics.

Choose your route. Make sure your hike is at least 6-7 days for maximum success. Any shorter and you will not be properly acclimatized. Routes vary in degree of difficulty, traffic and scenic beauty. The least difficult routes are Marangu and Rongai; the more difficult routes are Machame, Lemosho and Shira. The longer routes may have more difficult hiking but you’ll be more acclimatized and your chances of reaching the summit are therefore higher. The longer western routes also allow you to start your summit day at a more reasonable hour. [/expand]

MARANGU ROUTE 6 DAYS CLIMBING

This route has a moderate slope, making it less difficult to climb. It is the most popular way up Mountain Kilimanjaro, and is the only route with emergency evacuation service. Also, it is the only route with huts, having dormitory and simple dining rooms.

Day 1: Kilimanjaro      Mandara hut

Day 2: Kilimanjaro      Horombo hut

Day 3:Kilimanjaro       Horombo hut

Day 4:Kilimanjaro       Kibo hut

Day 5:Kilimanjaro       Kibo hut

Day 6: Departure

Day 1: Transfer to Mandara Hut
Pick up at your  hotel in Arusha or Moshi and drive to Marangu gate, we will spend about two hours for registration, payments of fees and final parking. Start climbing through dense semi-tropical to the first hut- Mandara hut (9,000ft).  overnight at Mandara hut.

Day 2: Mandara Hut to Horombo Hut
Breakfast, ascend through the alpine meadow, and grassland and moorland to Horombo hut (12,000ft). Both Mawenzi and Kibo peaks can be viewed easily on the way. Over night at Horombo hut.

Day 3: Acclimatization at Horombo Hut
Breakfast. One day for resting and acclimatization at Horombo Hut. Soft Trecking around Horombo. Option to walk to Zebra Rock or to East Lava Hill. Overnight at Horombo Hut.

Day 4: Horombo Hut to Kibo Hut
Breakfast, further ascending to Kibo hut (15,000ft). The landscape becomes very stony and eroded. Spectacular mountain vegetation like giant cactus, groundswell and lobelia appear on the way. Overnight at Kibo Hut

Day 5: Kibo Hut to Uhuru Peak
Wake up at midnight, and after a snack, proceed to the summit through Gilman’s point (18,640ft). It is about 5-6hours and 1-2 hours from Kibo hut to Gilman’s point and from Gilman’s point to Uhuru Peak (19,340ft) respectively. Thus reaching the peak in the early morning of the fifth day and start descending after picture taking on the top to Horombo Hut for dinner. Overnight at Kibo Hut.

Day 6: Kibo Hut to Marangu Gate
Breakfast, Descend from Horombo Hut to Marangu gate. The waiting car will take you to Arusha or Moshi for extension.

KILIMANJARO MACHAME ROUTE 6 DAYS

This is the second most popular route, 26 km long, and it is considered the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro. With a gradual ascend through the forest you emerge to see wide views of the moorland on Shira plateau, Kibo and Western Breach. The different kinds of vegetation found along the route make it the most sceneric route. We are approaching the summit with an acclimatisation day by walking in the same heights (Barafu Camp to Karranga Valley Camp), and another day by stopping at Karranga Valley camp (we are one of few tour operators offering this). There are no mountain huts on this route; the accommodation is in mountain tents.

The route done in six days is physically challenging for most people. The last two days (the trek from Barranco to Barafu and then the overnight trek to the summit) require mental and physical toughness, due to the high altitude and short amount of time to rest before the overnight summit attempt.

Day 1;  Kilimanjaro Machame camp  ( 9,850 ft, 3,000 mt.)

Day 2:  Kilimanjaro Shira camp        ( 12,600 ft   3,840 mt.)

Day 3:  Kilimanjaro  Burranco camp ( 12,950ft   3,950mt)

Day 4:  Kilimanjaro  Barafu camp     (15,200 ft  4630 mt)

Day 5:  Kilimanjaro  Mweka camp    ( 10,105 ft

Day 6:  Departure.

Day 1: Kilimanjaro – Arusha – Machame Gate – Machame Camp
After breakfast we’ll transfer you to the Machame Park Gate (5,870 ft./ 1,790 mt.). After registering with the park authority, we’ll begin our climb through the lush forest, Trekkers will likely hear the many exotic birds in the canopy above, and many even see black & white colobus monkeys and sykes monkeys as they hike along the knotted roots We’ll continue on to some heath land before reaching our overnight camp at Machame Camp (9,875 feet, 5-7 hours of walking), just above the forest zone. The trek is quite long, thus not steep. Overnight at Machame Camp.

Day 2: Mt Kilimanjaro – Machame Camp to Shira Camp
Today’s segment of the ascent will continue across beautiful heath land and afro-alpine moorland with magnificent views of Kilimanjaro Peak. We begin up the steep track through a savannah of tall grasses, and trees of Giant Heather and Erica.   Scramble around large boulders as you enter the moorland zone, marked by lobelia and senecia plants, and volcanic rocks draped with lichen beards, which protect wild alpine flowers growing at their bases. We’ll overnight at Shira Camp (12,615 feet, 4-5 hours of walking  and overnight at Shira Camp.

Day 3: Mt Kilimanjaro – Shira Camp to Barranco Camp
We’ll draw nearer the peak as we get closer to the Lava Tower. The trek becomes a bit more strenuous as the trail steepens on the approach to the lava Tower, a 300 foot tall volcanic plug which marks an exposed pass at 15,000 feet. In the afternoon, descend the steep track into the Great Barranco Valley. Barranco Camp is set on a col (flat area) enclosed on three sides with steep valley walls and the Kibo massif itself. Hanging glaciers glint in the sunshine above, amidst the eerie landscape of plants such as the giant groundsels (Senecio Kilimanjari), and the uniquely endemic Giant Lobelia. Then we slowly ascent to our overnight stop at Barranco Camp (12,990 feet, 5-6 hours of walking).  Overnight at Barranco Camp,From just below freezing at midnight, to between 10 deg. F (-12 deg. C) t

Day 4: Mt Kilimanjaro – Barranco Camp to Barafu Camp
The day will begin with a descent into the Gorge, before we climb its eastern wall where we will enjoy views of Kilimanjaro’s ice fields, an equatorial anomaly. We will continue trekking following the lava ridge to the Barafu camp

Day 5: Mt Kilimanjaro – Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Camp
Just after midnight we start of a challenging trek(12-17 hours of trekking). You begin trekking at 12:00 to 1am, passing between the Rebmann and Tarzel glaciers to the rim at Stella Point. The temperatures range o –10 F. (-23 deg. C) just before dawn at the summit.   As dawn nears, we’ll summit at Uhuru Peak, the highest point in Africa at 19,340 feet. Uhuru will be the culmination of – and the reward for – 6-7 hours of strenuous hiking. We’ll then descend back to Barafu Camp, resting for a while before continuing our descent to Mweka Camp (10,105 feet, 3-4 hours of walking on the descent).   Overnight at Mweka Camp

Day 6: Mt Kilimanjaro – Mweka Camp to Park Gate – Arusha
We’ll make our final descent to the park gate, a walk of about 2 to 3 hours. After bidding our farewells to our guide and porters, we’ll take you to  Arusha or Moshi.

KILIMANJARO CLIMB UMBWE ROUTE 6 DAYS

Day 1:    Kilimanjaro Umbwe cave

Day 2;    Kilimanjaro  Burranco camp  ( 12,950 ft / 3,950 mt)

Day 3;     Kilimanjaro  Karanga valley camp  ( 4000 mt)

Day 4;     Kilimanjaro  Barafu camp  (15,200 ft/ 4630mt)

Day 5       Kilimanjaro Mweka camp ( 9,840 ft)

Day 6:     Departure

Day 1: Umbwe Gate to Umbwe Cave
At 7:30 a.m., we’ll transfer you to the Umbwe Park Gate at 2,100m. The path begins an a narrow ridge crest between the Lonzo River to the West and the Umbwe River to the East. It is easy to follow as it continues up through the dense forest. The path continues to follow the ridge, rising steadily with some steep sections and scramble rocks. The route takes you to the first tented camp Umbwe Cave (at 2,940m) in 5 to 6 hrs.  Overnight at Umbwe Cave

Day 2: Umbwe Cave to Barranco
We follow the trail through steep and scramble rock across rainforest to moorland. The path proceed steep to the Southern Glacier Branches, at 4000m we reach our campsite, Barranco.  Overnight at Barranco

Day 3: Barranco Camp to Karanga Valley Camp
The day will begin with a descent into the Gorge, before we climb its eastern wall where we will enjoy views of Kilimanjaro’s ice fields, an equatorial anomaly. We will continue trekking until we reach our camp in Karanga Valley (13,900 feet, 4-5 hours of walking).  Overnight at Karanga Valley Camp

Day 4: Karanga Valley Camp to Barafu Camp
We’ll trek up through the Karanga Valley, the trail turns steadily uphill, following the lava ridge to the Barafu camp. The temperature will grow colder and the landscape more sparse as we near Barafu Camp. Barafu Camp is set on a small, exposed flat area on a ridge, acting as a base camp from which you will make your summit attempt at midnight tonight. Barafu camp (15,200 feet, 6-7 hours of walking). Overnight at Barafu Camp

Day 5: Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Camp
Just after midnight we start of a challenging trek(12-17 hours of trekking). You begin trekking at 12:30 to 1am, passing between the Rebmann and Tarzel glaciers to the rim at Stella Point. The temperatures range from just below freezing at midnight, to between 10 deg. F (-12 deg. C) to –10 F. (-23 deg. C) just before dawn at the As dawn nears, we’ll summit at Uhuru Peak, the highest point in Africa at 19,340 feet. Uhuru will be the culmination of – and the reward for – 6-7 hours of strenuous hiking. We’ll then descend back to Barafu Camp, resting for a while before continuing our descent to Mweka Camp (9,840 feet, 3-4 hours of walking on the descent). Overnight at Mweka Camp summit.

Day 6: Mweka Hut to Mweka Gate- Arusha
After breakfast descend steeply through the forest on a narrow path, after 3 – 4 hours walking we will reach Mweka Gate at 1400m. From here we will bring you to Moshi or Arusha

KILIMANJARO RONGAI ROUTE 6 DAYS

The Rongai Route approaches Kilimanjaro from the north not far from the Kenyan border. The area retains a sense of untouched wilderness lost on the crowded Marangu and Machame trails.

This route is the easiest of all the routes, it has a relatively gentle gradient and short daily stages as it winds its way from the starting point just south of the Kenya-Tanzania border through attractive farmland and delightful forest to several other climate zones, adding considerably to the interest of the trek.

There are magnificent views over the Amboseli Plains and genuine possibilities for wildlife viewing. An extra day is added to the standard 5-day itinerary to hike to the beautiful Mawenzi Tarn beneath the towering spires of Mawenzi; this also ensures maximum acclimatisation for the climb to the summit.

The final ascent is arduous and made in darkness starting around midnight but the reward is a spectacular dawn view of the glaciers and ice cliffs of the summit, and across the East African plains far below. Descending through lush forest, there is a final day to relax and recover before the flight home.

It is much drier than the other routes and you might even encounter an elephant on the way. Accommodation in tents.

This itinerary starts and ends in Arusha or Moshi

Day 1:  Arusha

Day 2:  Kikalewa Moorland

Day 3:  Mawenzi Tam hut

Day 4:  Outward Bound Hut

Day 5;  Uhuru peak

Day 6: Departure

Day 1: Hike up through the Rongai Forest approx 2625m
In the morning we pick you from your hotel in Arusha, Moshi or Machame and drive to the town of Nalemoru on the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro and the trailhead five miles outside of town.  From the Park entrance you start the climb passing through pine forest and a short stretch of mountainous rainforest until we reach the heather and moorlands. It is about a 4-5 hour walk to Sekimba camp at approx 2625m but we advise people to go very slowly. The forest teems with bird life and colobus and other monkeys may be seen. We should arrive late afternoon so the rest of the day will be used to relax and recheck your equipmentOvernight at a campsite. Lunch and dinner included.

Day 2: First camp to Kikelewa Moorland (3630m)
Continue through the forest (on this side is no such forest belt), eventually encountering the moorlands just below a large lava overhang known as Second Cave . Here we have lunch, then traverse the open moorlands toward the spectacular peak of Mawenzi, Kilimanjaro’s second major peak rising. Our second camp is at Kikelewa, (relative) shortly before reaching the saddle that connects Mawenzi to Kibo and Uhuru peaks. (5-6 hours hiking.) Overnight at a campsite.

Day 3: Mawenzi Tarn Hut
Rising early you climb steadily to craggy jugged peaks of Mawenzi.(one of the volcanic peaks) camp beneath Mawenzi at approx 4,300m.  Some climbers take an alternative route away from Mawenzi and camp on the north side of the saddle (Mawenzi Tarn Hut is in the north). Overnight at a campsite.

Day 4: Outward Bound Hut (School Hut or preferably Kibo Hut)
Trek to the Outward Bound Hut (School Hut or preferably Kibo Hut) at 4,715m between the peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi. Mountain vistas are fabulous as we emerge onto the saddle between glacier-covered Kibo and rock-crowned Mawenzi (these mountain views alone are worth the effort of the trek!). We’ll arrive by lunchtime, and have the afternoon to organize and rest up for the summit attempt. We’ll turn in early (since we’ll be arising before midnight). Overnight at a campsite.

Day 5: Kibo camp to Gilman’s point to Uhuru Peak – Horombo Hut
This is the hardest day of the climb and an early start before midnight or one, where it is dark cold and where you use your head torch for the first few hours. You will pass (rest and have coffee at) Hans Meyers cave after about 3hours climbing. Depending on weather conditions the temperature can be as low as -25 c.

At dawn you should reach Gilman’s point and usually see a spectacular sunrise as you stand above the clouds. From here if you have enough energy left a further 1 and a half hours walk before you are standing on the highest part of the African continent- Uhuru Peak. A quick photo session and then you descend down to Kibo and then on to Horombo at 3700m – now a well earned dinner (beer!! – no permanent kiosk or provided)  and good sleep.  (11-12 hours hiking.). Overnight at a campsite or Horombo Hut.

Day 6: Horombo –to Park Gate – end or extension
Descending across the moorland and into the forest to Mandara hut, where a meal is served, a walk of about 3 or 4 hours and the last stretch of 2 hours trough the rain forest to Marangu Gate. After bidding our farewells to our guide and porters, we’ll take you to  Arusha or Moshi.

LEMOSHO ROUTE

Lemosho route is one of the newer routes on Mount Kilimanjaro. The route begins in the west and crosses the Shira Ridge at Shira Camp. Climbers encounter low traffic until the route connects to the Machame route. Afterwards Lemosho follow the route through Lava Tower, Barranco Camp and Barafu, known as the southern circuit and offering stunning views of the ice fields on the south side. The descent after peak effort is made along the Mweka route. Accommodation on the mountain is in tents which carriers will carry and rise for you. You will need a sleeping bag, warm clothes and walking sticks. This is a tough hike in the context of what a physically fit individual can handle.
Eight days is the most optimal on this route.
Lemosho considered the most beautiful route on Kilimanjaro and provides panoramic views on different sides of the mountain. It’s our favorite route because it gives a good balance between low traffic, scenic views and a high probability to reach the summit successfully. Thus, we highly recommend this route.

Day 1 Londorossi Gate (2100 m) to Mti Kubwa (2,750 m), 3 hours trekking time, distance 15 km. Your day starts early with a briefing, followed by breakfast and a 2-hour drive from Moshi at 910 m to Londorossi Parkgate, 2100 m The guides and porters prepare and pack the goods and your equipment in the village. You will receive a lunch pack and you are transported through the forest in a jeep tilll Lemosho Glades, 2100 m, 11 km in 45 minutes. From here you make your way and walk along forest trails to Mti Mkubwa big tree campsite. Your carrier has already arrived at the camp and put up the tents tents. In the evening the cooks make food. After that we retire to sleep. Night temperatures can drop to some minus degree in this camp.

Day 2 Mti Kubwa (2,750 m) to Shira Camp 1 (3340 m), trekking time 5-6 hours, distance 8 km. After breakfast the climbing starts and you pass through the rainforest towards a zone of high moorland. This day you will climb about 590 m you take a lunch stop at a beautiful valley just outside the Shira Crater at approximately 3048 After lunch you cross the Shira crater, a high desert plateau rarely visited. Shira is the third of Kilimanjaro’s volcanic cones, and is filled with lava flow from Kibo Peak. Crater rim has been decimated by weather and volcanic activity. This day do you get your first view of Kibo. Dinner and overnight at Shira Camp 1.

Day 3 Shira Camp 1 (3340 m) to Moir Camp (4200 m), trekking time 6 hours, distance 12 km. Today’s climbing offers rewarding beautiful view as you walk across the Shira Plateau east toward Kibo’s glacier peak. The path leads to Shira 2 camp and then to Moir camp, a less busy camp site at the foot of Lent Hills. Walks along the Lent hills is recommended for those who want to improve their acclimatization. Dinner and overnight at Moir Camp.

Day 4 Moir Camp (4200 m) to Lava Tower (4630 m) to Barranco Camp (3,955 m). Hiking time 7 hours, distance 15 km. The route is now turning more to the east into a semi desert and rocky landscape surrounding Lava Tower, where you reach an altitude of 4630 meters after about a 5 hour hike. Lunch will be served before we reach the rocky slopes towards Lava Tower. Definitely the toughest day so far. It is normally around this point, where for the first time, some climbers begin to feel symptoms of breathlessness, irritability and headaches. Then we will go down almost 650 meters to Barranco Camp. It is very important for acclimatization to go down a bit to stay overnight at a lower altitude. “Walk high sleep low”. This descent to Barranco camp takes about 2 hours and offers great opportunities to take some beautiful photographs of the Western Breach and Breach Wall. The camp is situated in a valley below the Breach and Great Barranco Wall, which should provide you with a memorable sunset. After waiting for dinner and sleep.

Day 5 Barranco Camp (3,950 m) to Karanga Valley Camp (3,963 m), 3-5 hours Hiking time, distance 4 km. You start after breakfast to hike up the Barranco Wall, which in some parts involves hiking over rocky ground. Then you go down for about 2 hours to Karanga Valley where we take lunch and some rest. Later we will have dinner and night’s sleep at Karanga Camp.

 Day 6 Karanga Valley Camp (3,963 m) to Barafu Camp (4,600 m), 3-5 hours Hiking time, distance 4 km. After breakfast you go down into Karanga Valley and then it’s up to Barafu Camp. Dinner and overnight. You need to go to bed early because it’s time to get up just after midnight for the peak attempt. Before you sleep you have to prepare your equipment, trekking sticks and warm clothing. Check that the headlamp and camera batteries is OK. To prevent freezing, it is wise to have your water in a thermos.

Day 7  Barafu Camp (4,600 m) to Uhuru Peak (5895 m) to Mweka Camp (3,100 m), Hiking time up 7 hours, down 5 hours, distance up to 5 km, 23 km down. You will get up at midnight, and after some tea, we set off into the night. We leave in a northwesterly direction for the ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This 6-hour walk to Stella point is for many climbers, the most challenging both mentally and physically on the route. At Stella Point, 5,685 meters above sea level, we will stop for a short rest and then we continue on to the summit, Uhuru Peak 5895 m. The time you will spend on top depends on the weather conditions. It’s good not to stay too long, as it can be difficult to start again due to cold and fatigue. Enjoy a moment of your accomplishment and a day to remember for the rest of your life. We walk down back to Barafu broke from the summit a trip that takes about 3 hours. Here you get a well-earned but short rest and time to round up the rest of your gear, before heading down to Mweka Camp at 3100 meters above sea level where we overnight.

Day 8 Mweka Camp (3100 m) to Moshi (910 m) After an early breakfast, we set off on a short 3-hour and scenic hike back to the Park gate. It is recommended not to pay your carrier tip before you and all your gear have reached the gate safely. From the Mweka Gate, we will continue down to the Mweka village, normally a muddy 3 km and 1 hour of hiking. After arriving at Mweka village, we are transported back to Moshi for a long awaited hot shower, dinner and celebrations!

Day 1                  Londorossi Gate – Mti Mkubwa Camp               2 100 - 2 750 m
Day 2                 Mti Mkubwa Camp – Shira 1 Camp                     2 750 - 3 340 m
Day 3                 Shira 1 Camp – Moir Camp                                    3 340 - 4 200 m
Day 4                 Moir Camp – Barranco Camp                               4 200 -  3 950 m
Day 5                 Barranco Camp – Karanga Valley                       3 950 - 3 963 m
Day 6                 Karanga Valley -Barafu  Camp                            3 963 - 4 600 m
Day 7                 Barafu Camp –  Uhuru Peak – Mweka Camp   4 600  – 5 895 – 3 100 m
Day 8                Mweka Camp – Moshi                                             3 100 – 910 m
 
SHIRA ROUTE

The Shira Route is a relatively gentle and incredibly scenic route to the Roof top of Africa (“Uhuru Peak” Uhuru a Swahili word which mean Liberation). Encompassing the Shira Plateau, this route provides breathtaking views of the African landscape below. Finally, the Western Breach Summit path is a more difficult route to the summit which incorporates some serious scrambling and climbing. It is thus generally favored by those individuals looking to add a bit of an extra challenge to their climbing experience.

Day 1: Arrival day from your country and meet at the Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) then be transferred to the hotel in Moshi town. Late dinner and overnight at the hotel.

Day 2: Early in the morning after breakfast you will be briefed about the Mount Kilimanjaro with the guide before the departure to the Londorossi gate about three and half hours. After all park registration formalities we proceed driving to near Simba campsite. Then lunch afterwards you start trekking through heather and moorland to the first camp (about 1-2 hrs) to Shira 1 camp (3505 m) for dinner and overnight in tents.

Day 3: Early in the morning after breakfast you have a full day to explore the Shira plateau, trekking slowly eastward towards Kibo’s glaciered peak. The Shira plateau is one of the highest plateaus on earth, averaging 12,500 ft. The total trekking time is approximately three hours. Dinner and overnight at the Shira 2 (Fischer’s) camp (3900 m).

 Day 4: The pace should always be slow when in Kilimanjaro for the success. After breakfast in the morning proceed steadily upwards over vast ridges to ” Lava Tower ” for lunch take approximately 4 hours. In the afternoon, you descend the steep trail into the Great Barranco Valley. Barranco Camp is set in a valley enclosed on 3 sides with the massive walls of the valley itself and the massif of Kibo. For about 6 to 7 hours thereafter dinner and overnight at the Barraco camp (3976 m).

Day 5: Early morning breakfast then afterward start trekking for about 3 to 4 hours to Karanga Valley for a hot lunch and then proceed in the afternoon to Barafu Camp (4673 m). You will have dinner and a sleep before working up at the midnight for the Uhuru Peak attempt.

Day 6:During the midnight walking up call for the Uhuru Peak followed with a cup of hot chocolate, Tanzania coffee or tea. Don’t be nervous and taking it slowly as the trekking will start around 1 a.m. At this stage the weather range from somewhat 0 to -12 degree isn’t it lovely in the tropical climate to find this. Always the target is to reach the Roof top of Africa (5895 m) before dawn. After taking some pictures you will descend to Barafu Camp for a rest and then en route to Millenium camp for dinner and overnight.

Day 7: After breakfast descends slowly to Mweka gate via Mweka Campsite which is about four hours walk. At the gate you will be awarded a certificate of competence from the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority office for the successful attempt of Uhuru Peak. Then proceed to Moshi or Arusha.

EQUIPMENT
Layering is a systematic, logical approach to wear multiple layers of clothing. The benefits of layering is that it is versatile (the climber can add or remove layers to adjust to changing weather, activity level and body temperature), thermal efficiency (several thin layers are warmer than an equivalent thickness single layer), and space-efficient (takes up less space in your backpack). you should follow the layering principle when planning for Kilimanjaro.
To dress during the climb can be categorized into the following types of layers: base layer, mid layer and outer shell.
Base layer
A base layer is moisture transporting material that is worn against the skin. By moving sweat away from the body, the bottom layer keep you dry and provide some insulation. They come in different thicknesses, even if the lighter is recommended for its versatility, especially those that are thicker. Undergarment may be worn as a single garment in warm weather, and can be doubled-up (worn on top of each other) in cold weather. Several kinds of cloth or mixtures of fabric used to construct the base layer, including silk, wool, and polypropylene, and is usually sold in the outdoor stores. Cotton is not a good material for underwear! It has no moisture transportation qualities, does not dry quickly and will actually increase your warmth loss when wet.
2 – long-sleeved shirt, light moisture transporting fabric
1 – Short sleeve shirt, light moisture transporting fabric
1 – Long underwear of moisture transporting fabric
3 – Underwear, Underpants moisture transporting fabric
1 – Balaclava
3 – Sock Liners, tight, thin, synthetic, worn underneath to prevent blisters
1 – Gloves, light and thin synthetic material be worn under gloves for extra warmth

Mid layer
The primary purpose of the intermediate layer is to provide warmth. Wool or synthetic materials can be used as a mid layer in cool weather. But for cold weather, wear fleece, down or heavier synthetics. Fleece provides good insulation because it is relatively thin, quick-drying, comfortable, lightweight but no shelter. Down is the most effective insulating material, but loses its insulating properties when wet. It is highly compressible for packing, but bulky when worn. Select therefore facilitate down products when used as an intermediate layer. Synthetic insulated jackets are not as hot or mild as down, but they work even when wet.
1 – Soft Jacket, fleece or wool.
1 – Jacket, synthetic or down
1 – Fleece pants
3 – Socks, thick wool or synthetic
2 – Hiking pants that can be converted into shorts.
Outer layer
The outer layer is designed to protect against wind, rain and snow. Some outer layer has built isolation, but it is recommended to wear each layer separately for more versatility.
1 – Waterproof, breathable jacket with hood
1 – Waterproof, breathable pant (side zippers at the feet recommended)
1 – Knit Hat, for warmth
1 – wide brimmed hat for sun protection
1 – Hiking boots, waterproof, contracts, with extra laces
1 – Athletic shoes, to wear at camps
1 – Gloves (waterproof recommended)
With the above tools, you should be able to withstand all types of weather conditions, Mount Kilimanjaro might have in store for you. It is important that you are aware of adjusting the trim when you walk, and adapt accordingly. Open the zipper / remove a layer before you start sweating and add layers before you become cold and to take on waterproof garments before you get wet.

Other things more or less important
Toiletries set
Sunscreen
Lip Balm
Mosquito Repellents
First aid kit
Toilet paper
Wet wipes (recommended)
Snacks, light weight, high-calorie, high-energy (optional)
Pen and Notebook, miniature, for trip log (optional)
Camera with extra batteries (optional)
Paper documents
Pass
Visa (available at Kilimanjaro Airport)
Vaccination Proof
Insurance Documents
The most common mistake that climbers make is that they pack way too much.
Be selective in what you take with you. Please note that our carrier is limited to carrying 15 kg of your personal belongings. All your equipment should be protected from water, using either plastic bags or placed in a waterproof bag. What you want the carriers to bear for you between campsites should be placed in a separate bag, including sleeping bag.
If you are overweight, you will be required to hire additional carriers, which in itself is rare.
Although you are expected to get everything you need, some equipment and gear rental, subject to availability. All extra luggage, as you do not use during your climb, safely stored on site.
Checked baggage on airplanes can sometimes get lost or delayed on the way to Tanzania. Therefore, you should prepare for this risk by wearing or carrying the stuff / equipment that are vital to your Kilimanjaro Climbing. Most clothing, gear and Equipment can be replaced in Tanzania before your climb, but there are a few things that you should not pay.
BV Wildlife recommends that you carry a complete hiking outfit on the plane, including a long sleeved shirt, hiking pants, underwear, socks and boots. In your hand luggage, you should bring your backpack and in a waterproof jacket and pants, Lined jacket, snacks, toiletries, medicines, camera and all documents.

TIME

Below is a table illustrating the varying conditions in a year.

  • Month      Temperature    Precipitation   Cloudiness    Traffic
  • January         warm                medium             low             high
  • February       warm                medium             low             high
  • March          moderate              high            medium         low
  • April             moderate              high                 high           low
  • May              moderate              high                 high           low
  • June              cold                   medium        medium       medium
  • July               cold                   medium            low               high
  • August          cold                      low                  low               high
  • September  moderate              low                  low               high
  • October       moderate              low              medium      medium
  • November   moderate             high             medium          low
  • December   moderate           medium        medium      medium
  • When the top of Kilimanjaro and the magnificent glaciers are illuminated by the full moon, the view is absolutely stunning. For this reason, some climbers wants to plan their migration to coincide with this event that occurs once a month. However, there is a practical reason for climbing on these occasions as a bright moon with a clear sky will improve your visibility during the most important part of all, namely peak attempt. The ascent to the top starts at or shortly after midnight in order to be reaching the summit, Uhuru Peak at sunrise.
    Below is a chart showing the dates of the full moon:Month                2013       2014     2015 
  • January               27            15         04
  • February             25            14         03
  • March                  27            16         05
  • April                    25            15          04
  • May                     25            14          03
  • June                    23            12          02
  • July                     22            12          01
  • August                21            10           29
  • September         19             8            27
  • Oct.                     18             8            27
  • November         17              6            25
  • December         17              6            25

If you want the full moon during peak ascent, should a 7-day climbing begin up to 5 days before the date of the full moon. It is not necessary to ascent to the top exactly on the day of the full moon. The days before and after is of course also well lit by the moon.
Those who prefer a less crowds during climbing, should avoid the full moon completely as these dates attracts many climbers. Another method to avoid the “crowd” is to choose an “off” day of departure. Most climbers begin their climbs on Saturday, Sunday or Monday, with the routes to be 6 to 7 days.

PREPERATION

You need to start training to climb Kilimanjaro at least 2 months prior to departure.
The best way to train in preparation for the climb is to hike and any tracks in mountainous terrain. After all that is what you will do on the mountain. Since you will have a day packing of about 10 kg on the mountain, it is good to walk with the weight in your backpack when you exercise.
If you want to work out at the gym is the stairmaster or cross trainer the best approach.
If you can do day trips of 4-6 hours with a moderate slope while carrying about 10 kg, or you can train in a stairmaster, 30 steps / min for 1-2 hours, then you have probably reached a good level to climb the mountain.
The most intensive training should be done 2-4 weeks before departure. The last two weeks, a gradual slowdown occur to the final days turn to rest.
It is important that you use the shoes you will use on the mountain in your preparing training.

Kilimanjaro was formed about 3 million years ago during the formation of the Great Rift Valley which in itself is a huge crack in the earth’s surface that shares the landscape along a distance of approximately 6,500 mil all the way from the Red Sea to the Zambezi River, it is one of the world’s few geological formations can be seen from the moon. Kilimanjaro was created nearly a million years ago when volcanic activity was concentrated on three lava vent, Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo. Shira was the first to die out and collaps. Mawenzi and Kibo continued to grow. Later Mawenzi dormant but in a huge explosion the entire eastern edge gave way and formed a very spectacular gorge. Lava oozed through cracks, which after much erosion, contributed to Mawenzi jagged outline.

Kibo continued to grow. For about 100,000 years ago, a large landslide broke from the summit along the southwestern crater and formed a magnificent chasm. Eventually the lava pulled back from the central outlet of the volcano and with a final puff of smoke deposited a perfect cone of ash around the edge.
Kilimanjaro is a dormant but not extinct volcano. The ice as well as the fire helped shape the summit of Kilimanjaro.
Kilimanjaro has been known since ancient times by African legends. The local Chagga tribe believed it was a residence of an angry god who punished anyone who dared to climb it. They called the two peaks, Kipoo and Kimawenzi now known as Kibo and Mawenzi. Kilimanjaro from Chagga phrase “Kilema Kyaro”. Literally meaning “that which can not be conquered” or “completely inaccessible”.
Later German explorers spelled the name of the mountain that Kilmandscharos, a name which later was pronounced by the Arab colonial masters and Swahili speaking people as “Kilimanjaro”.